Shelling out big bucks for your first home, along with shopping for a mortgage, might seem daunting. Luckily, though, there are numerous first-time homebuyer programs and grants that can help you get your foot in the homeownership door.
Here’s a look at 8 first-time homebuyer programs that are popular with First Time house hunters.
- FHA loan – A loan insured by the Federal Housing Administration that’s ideal for borrowers with lower credit scores or little money saved up for a down payment.
- USDA loan – A loan program guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for lower-income borrowers in eligible rural areas.
- VA loan – A loan backed by the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs for military personnel, veterans and their families. VA loans have minimal closing costs, competitive rates and no down payment requirement, however, a funding fee is required for some borrowers.
- Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac – Loans backed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac require 3 percent down for conventional mortgages making them ideal for first-time buyers who have strong credit but little savings for a down payment.
- HomePath ReadyBuyer Program – A program that provides 3 percent in closing-cost assistance to first-time buyers who complete an educational course and purchase a foreclosed Fannie Mae property.
- Energy-efficient mortgage – An EEM is backed by FHA or VA loan programs and allows borrowers to combine the cost of energy-efficient upgrades onto a primary loan upfront — all without a larger down payment.
- FHA Section 203(k) – An FHA-backed loan that lets you borrow the funds needed to pay for home improvement projects and roll the costs into one loan with your primary mortgage.
- Local first-time homebuyer programs and grants – Many states and cities offer first-time buyer programs and grants for down payment or closing cost assistance. These programs typically come with income restrictions and have to be repaid when you sell the home.
California Down Payment Assistance
Buying a home for the first time can leave you with serious sticker shock. That’s especially true here in California which has some of the highest property prices in the country. Those looking to crack the homeownership barrier in the Golden State can take advantage of several programs to help with down payment and closing costs.
The California Housing Finance Agency, or CalHFA, offers a comprehensive selection of homebuyer assistance programs, mostly geared toward first-time homebuyers with low or moderate incomes. In California, you’re considered a first-time homebuyer if you haven’t owned and occupied a home in three years.
Here’s an overview of CalHFA programs that can help you purchase your first home.
CalHFA first-time homebuyer loan programs
CalHFA offers conventional and government-insured loan programs to help first-time buyers with fixed-rate loans and the option to roll in down payment and closing cost assistance into your mortgage.
- Must have a minimum credit score of 640
- Debt-to-income ratio can’t exceed 45 percent
- Must meet CalHFA’s income limits based on your specific area
- In most instances, must be a first-time homebuyer and a U.S. citizen, permanent resident or qualified alien
- Must attend a home buying counseling course and present a certificate of completion
- Must meet any additional loan requirements of your CalHFA-approved lender and the mortgage insurer
- Sales price can’t exceed $705,000
- Property must be located within California and used as a primary residence until it’s refinanced or sold
- Must be a single-family, one-unit home
- Some condos, accessory dwelling units (guest houses and in-law quarters, for example), and manufactured homes are permitted
- Land trusts and leaseholds aren’t eligible
- Maximum lot size of 5 acres
CalHFA and CalPLUS Conventional Loan Programs
The CalHFA Conventional program is a first mortgage loan insured through private mortgage insurance on the conventional market. The interest rate on the CalHFA Conventional loan is fixed throughout the 30-year term.
Meanwhile, the CalPLUS Conventional program comes with a slightly higher 30-year fixed interest rate, but you can combine it with the MyHome Assistance program for down payment help and the CalHFA Zero Interest Program (ZIP) for closing costs. ZIP, as its name implies, doesn’t charge borrowers interest on the money it lends through the program — 3 percent or 4 percent of the purchase price. If you choose the higher assistance amount, you’ll receive a higher interest rate on the loan itself.
CalHFA and CalPLUS FHA loan programs
The CalHFA FHA Program is a loan insured by the Federal Housing Administration that comes with a CalHFA 30-year fixed interest rate for a primary home. The FHA has specific borrowing and property requirements that must be met.
Another option: the CalPLUS FHA program. It’s an FHA-insured loan that comes with a slightly higher 30-year fixed rate but it’s paired with the CalHFA ZIP. Like the CalPLUS conventional program, ZIP provides 3 percent or 4 percent of the CalPLUS FHA loan amount to assist with closing costs or prepaid items only (including FHA’s mandatory upfront mortgage insurance premium).
Cal-EEM + Grant Program
The Cal-EEM + Grant program allows first-time or repeat buyers to combine an FHA-insured Energy Efficient Mortgage with a Cal-EEM Grant for certain energy-efficient home improvements. The interest rate on the Cal-EEM is fixed for 30 years.
Plus, you can combine the mortgage with a grant of up to 4 percent of the purchase price. This must be used to pay for energy-efficient improvements that exceed FHA’s limits for improvement costs. The maximum limit is either 5 percent of the property’s value (not to exceed $8,000) or $4,000, whichever is greater based on the value of the property. Borrowers must get an energy assessment from a qualified energy assessor to identify cost-effective energy improvements.
CalHFA VA Loan Program
CalHFA down payment assistance programs
For many first-time homebuyers, saving up for a down payment and closing costs is one of the most daunting challenges to homeownership. CalHFA offers several down payment and closing cost assistance programs to help you bridge this gap. These are considered “subordinate” or “junior” loans, meaning payments are deferred until your home is sold, refinanced or paid in full — and that can help make monthly mortgage payments more affordable.
MyHome Assistance Program
The MyHome Assistance Program is a deferred-payment junior loan that provides up to 3.5 percent of the purchase price or appraised value (whichever is lower) to help pay for down payment or closing costs. In many cases, you can combine MyHome Assistance with CalHFA’s loan programs.
School Teacher and Employee Assistance Program
The School Teacher and Employee Assistance Program is designed for first-time buyers who are teachers, administrators, school district employees and staff members who work at California’s K-12 public schools. These loans provide up to 4 percent of the purchase price toward down payment and closing costs, and can only be used with an eligible CalHFA first mortgage loan. This loan can be used only for down payment assistance and/or closing costs.
You have the lowdown on California’s assistance programs for first-time buyers, and you’re ready to get the ball rolling. CalHFA doesn’t issue loans or make application decisions. However, we work with approved lenders to help you through the buying process. Contact us for a Free, No obligation assessment, becoming a Home Owner is a phone call away…